The reader acts as the locomotive part of the system and the antennas as its eyes. With proper direction and power of the radio frequency emitted by the antennas, the system will be able to capture the readings up to a frontal distance of 15 metres and with a smaller range toward the sides.
The technical reading process is a radio frequency emission emitted by the reader and a process called ‘backscattering’ performed by the RFID tag. Backscattering is a fronton court effect produced by the tag in which the digital ID information is collected, then processed in the reader, and sent to a cloud for viewing. The ecosystem is capable of processing up to 1000 readings per second without requiring a line-of-sight field.
The keys in any case for the optimal operation of an RFID ecosystem are the read antennas and the tag antennas. The best technology and advice are required to select the appropriate RFID components from an RFID ecosystem usage in specific applications.